11 Sustainable and Eco-friendly Techniques for Buildings

Last updated on July 22, 2021

With the current situation on the rise of global warming, several buildings’ construction methods, both residential, use more eco-friendly and sustainable techniques. However, new advances in technology, practices, and materials enable companies to have an eco-friendly and sustainable process that leads to overall better efficiency of the building.

Some sustainable buildings incorporate exterior access doors and panels for safety purposes as they provide easy access for the primary control of utilities like plumbing systems and electrical systems.

Here are some of the sustainable and eco-friendly techniques for building:

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Integrate (IoT) Automated System in the Building

home iot

The IoT or Internet of Things will allow facility managers to access the data they previously could not access. These tiny connected sensors can integrate automated systems in the buildings to improve the sustainability of the operation. For instance, IoT small sensors based on CO2, weather, and temperature readings can dynamically adjust the building’s required lighting levels and ventilation. The building facility managers do not need to manually input and change all the data from multiple types of equipment. 

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Synthetic Underlayment On Roof

The typical underlayment in the roofing system is asphalt-based which relatively breaks down quickly. It is necessary to replace this layer to keep the moisture out in the building’s interior. Synthetic roof underlayment provides alternative lightweight and holds up to tear and wear to the exterior environment. This type of material uses polymers from scrap recycled materials, and it also eliminates VOCs from the underlayment. 

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Green Roofs

Another great innovation on the top of the commercial properties is green roofs. Bushes, flowers, grass, plants, and any other greenery grows on the roofing system. It can manage stormwater easily compared to traditional roo and absorbs water going into the soil. It reduces the energy consumption required for cooling and heating, and it can improve air quality in the surrounding and the building. 

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Electrochromic Glass

Installing Electrochromic glass in a building will shift from transparent to opaque based walls or windows on external stimuli such as UV rays and electrical current. It eliminates the requirement for shades and other window or wall glass treatments while adapting to the current outside conditions passively. Additionally, it blocks the majority of UV rays.

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Greywater System 

Having a greywater system design in the building reduces the need for freshwater as it reprocesses the water and reuses everything except for the toilet water streams. The common uses for this reprocessing water are to supply irrigation and toilet water. 

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Solar Thermal Cladding

A passive technique for the solar building incorporates solar thermal cladding specifically designed to heat in the winter season. This system stores heat energy from the sun and passes it to the facility for heat retention purposes.

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Hybrid Grid System

Renewable energy resources provide a sustainable way for companies to power up or light their commercial properties. However, many grid systems lack a power storage system to energize or power up the building during times of low availability of solar. A hybrid grid system stores enough energy and allows the renewable energy source to function during nighttime, overcast days, and other situations that are not ideal. 

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Passive Solar

Another way to support a sustainable solar energy source is to design the building based on the passive concept of solar energy source. The design and building location should maximize solar energy for heating during the winter season while reducing impact during the summer.

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Self-Healing Concrete

This type of material is in its early phase, but it offers several sustainable possibilities. It minimizes the corrosion of steel or cracked self-repair, which is the primary reason for starting the corrosion problem. This concrete uses bacteria like bacillus bacteria that are harmless to humans and effectively usable material.

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Sustainable Building Materials

There are two aspects or factors to determine if the materials in the building are sustainable. One factor is, if the building materials are energy efficient and they create a tight envelope, it means they don’t let in the outside elements like rain or wind, and alternatively, they can keep the cold and heat in the building. And another factor is if the building materials are eco-friendly or can be recycled. One of the materials that gain popularity is using steel as beams instead of wood as it reduces the need to cut trees and can significantly impact our ecosystem. 

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Energy-Conserving Systems

Nowadays, Leadership in Energy and Environmental (LEED) certificates are prevalent. LEED certification may be granted based on environmentally-conscious building design pertaining to humans and the environment. It refers to how well the building structure provides comfort and safety to the occupants while limiting human health and environmental effects. 

Several techniques contribute to an eco-friendly design as many governments around the globe require a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions released into our ecosystem. Current and future sustainable building techniques bring several options to the table for implementing green practices. Be sure to use these sustainable techniques in your next building project!

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